Key Facts about Canadian Residential Schools
1.The first residential schools opened in the 1870s.
2.The residential school closest to Thorold was the Mohawk Institute in Brantford. These schools were built by the Canadian government with several prominent Canadian religious institutions: the Catholic, Anglican, United, and Presbyterian churches.
3.These schools wanted to destroy connections between the children, their cultures, and families.
4. Children were taken from their families and often placed in schools hundreds of kilometres away from home.
5. They were forced to speak English and were given a number as a name. The students did a great deal of manual labour. These children suffered many, many forms of abuse during their time at these places.
6. The last residential school closed in 1996.
7. In 2008, Prime Minister Harper officially apologized for this horrible chapter in Canadian history.
8. The Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada was formed to hear testimony from those affected and to educate everyone about residential schools.
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